Gambling has an irresistible appeal to people. This is not only specifically limited to playing in a casino or gambling hall. On a daily basis, we place small bets, intentionally or not. Sometimes with and sometimes just without any profit in sight. For example, we bet on the weather when you leave the raincoat at home and bet that it won’t rain.
People bet on the most random things like the weather or the outcome of different sports. In doing so, they use a wide range of attributes. These range from dice to cards. In this article we will look at the different types of attributes used in various casino games.
Various attributes are used in casino games. These include dice, playing cards and chips.
A traditional deck of cards is often used for gambling purposes. Almost all card games in the casino, including blackjack and poker, simply use a standard pack of playing cards in this regard.
A traditional deck of cards consists of 52 cards, 13 in 4 different suits. The ranks are the numbers on each card, so from 2 to 10. You also have an ace, which counts as 1, but sometimes as 11. Thus, the ace can be the lowest card of the deck, but also the highest. You also have the so-called pictures: the jack, queen and king.
In most games, the cards are arranged as follows, from low to high: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, jack, queen, king, ace. In most gambling games, color is irrelevant. Spades cards, for example, are worth no more than diamonds. If you have multiple cards in the same sequence, this can form a flush in a Rummy game.
Depending on the game, some card games also include a card that acts as a joker. This means that it replaces any other card needed to complete a hand in poker.
Craps is the best known example of a gambling game that uses dice. Sic Bo is another game that uses dice. If you grew up playing Dungeons and Dragons, you probably know that dice come in multiple sizes.
In gambling, it is almost always the standard 6-sided variety. Casino dice give results of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and these are not indicated by a number, but by a number of dots on each side.
Dice used by casinos in craps games are designed to be almost perfectly random, but wear and tear occurs during a craps game. Casinos drill holes in used dice and use them as giveaways. By the way, they also do this with playing cards when they begin to show signs of wear.
You’ll notice that casino dice are almost always translucent. The casinos do this so that players can see that nothing extra is incorporated into the dice.
Roulette is the best-known example of a game that uses a spinning wheel to determine results. Some casinos still have a game, called Big Six, that also uses a spinning wheel to determine outcomes.
Some slot machines also have a bonus feature with a spinning wheel. The best-known example is Wheel of Fortune slots. A roulette wheel is horizontal rather than vertical. Modern roulette wheels are designed to have minimal wear and tear and give perfectly random results.
The numbers on a roulette wheel are actually boxes into which the metal ball will fall. This happens after the ball loses speed as it is spun around the edge of the wheel. On American roulette wheels there are 38 numbers, 1 to 36, 0 and 00. The 0 and 00 are colored green. One half of the other numbers are red and the other numbers are black.
All bets on a roulette table would be paid out at break-even odds if the 0 and 00 were not on the wheel. European roulette wheels have only 37 numbers, 1 through 36 and a 0. This cuts the house edge for roulette almost in half.
Random Number Generators
A Random Number Generator for random numbers is a computer program that continuously spits out numbers, usually used for slot machines and video poker games. Online casinos use random number generators to determine the results of all their games.
The computer program “thinks” of thousands of numbers per second. When you press the spin or bet button on the slot machine, the computer program immediately stops on a number. It is an easy way to determine completely randomly the results of a gambling game.
In craps, you have 36 possible outcomes. A random number generator will generate a random number between 1 and 36 every time. You can also program a generator to spit out the same odds in a card game. Each possible card in the deck is then just a number between 1 and 52. The random number generator works in the background. So as a gambler, you only see the outcome.
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Casino chips and poker chips are not normally used to generate results in a gambling event. They belong to the table equipment and represent your bankroll. Casinos use chips made of clay. Different colors have different values, but most casinos note the value on each chip. Casino chips are also usually decorated with the casino’s name and logo.
In most casinos, roulette tables have a separate set of chips from the rest of the casino. Each roulette player gets his own color chip so that the casino can keep his bets separate from the other players at the table. But apart from that, the casino uses the same chips throughout.
Players Club Cards
At every major casino you have the option of joining the players club. When you join you get a plastic card that looks like a bank card. The idea is that you insert this into the card reader at the games you play, allowing the casino to keep track of how much you spend.
The casinos do this so that they can give you casino benefits and discounts in exchange for playing. They do NOT use the player club card to change the odds of the games you play or to ensure that after a big win, you only lose. Casinos don’t care about individual winners and losers. They are interested in the overall win and loss percentage for the casino.
The odds at all casino games are set so that the house always has an advantage. This means that the casino will always make a profit in the long run. The casino makes a lot of money based on the difference between wins and losses based on the mathematics of the game. In other words, there is no reason for a casino to cheat you just because you use the player club card.
In fact, the opposite is true. They want you to use the club card and receive rewards because it encourages you to gamble more. The more you gamble, the more the casino will earn in the long run.
You can also easily consider scratch cards as gambling attributes. Scratch cards are printed in batches of 1,000 or 5,000 and there is a specific number of winning tickets in each batch. They are then distributed to the various outlets. The number of winners in each batch determines the payback percentage for the game. The formula for calculating that is simpler than you might think.
Suppose you have 5,000 tickets that cost €2 each. That’s €10,000 in revenue for the lottery per batch of 5,000. Now suppose the game pays out €6,500 in prizes. The profit is then €3,500. This means that the house edge is 35% and the payback rate is 65%. Those are poor odds compared to most casino games. One way to gain an advantage in a scratch-off lottery game is to check to see if the top prize has already been won.
In the example above, suppose the top prize you can win is €2,000. There is then only one scratch card of that. Let’s also assume that you have waited long enough for 75% of the scratch cards to be sold. This means that your chance of winning €2,000 is now 1 in 1,250 instead of 1 in 5,000. If you can win €2,000 in a situation where you have a 1 in 1,250 chance, that is a very attractive opportunity.
The attributes we have discussed in this article are just some of the many attributes used in modern casino games. We haven’t even mentioned the devices used to hold cards or automatic shuffling machines.